Islamic Jihad
Islamic Jihad

I am not an Islamic scholar. I am relying totally on The reliance of the traveller and tools of the worshipper. This appears to be an authoritative source. The following view on the merits of The reliance of the traveller appears to accord with those of amazon reviewers:

It is considered an authoritative source on Sunni Islamic law, because it is certified as such by Al-Azhar University in Cairo. There is no higher authority on Sunni Islamic doctrine than Al-Azhar; it is the closest equivalent to the Vatican that can be found in Islam.

So whatever you find in Reliance of the Traveller is definitive Islamic law. No Sunni Muslim jurist would argue against anything cited there.

Source: The ESW Defense File

Here is what the The reliance of the traveller has to say about fornication and sodomy:

(O: Jihad means to war against non-Muslims, and is etymologically derived from the word mujahada signifying warfare to establish the religion. And it is the lesser jihad. As for the greater jihad, it is spiritual warfare against the lower self (nafs), which is why the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said as he was returning from jihad.

“We have returned from the lesser jihad to the greater jihad.”

The scriptural basis for jihad, prior to scholarly consensus (def: b7) is such Koranic verses as:

(1) “Fighting is prescribed for you” (Koran 2:216);

(2) “Slay them wherever you find them” (Koran 4:89);

(3) “Fight the idolators utterly” (Koran 9:36);

and such hadiths as the one related by Bukhari and Muslim that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said:

“I have been commanded to fight people until they testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and perform the prayer, and pay zakat. If they say it, they have saved their blood and possessions from me, except for the rights of Islam over them. And their final reckoning is with Allah”;and the hadith reported by Muslim,“To go forth in the morning or evening to fight in the path of Allah is better than the whole world and everything in it.”Details concerning jihad are found in the accounts of the military expeditions of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace), including his own martial forays and those on which he dispatched others. The former consist of the ones he personally attended, some twenty-seven (others say twenty-nine) of them. He fought in eight of them, and killed only one person with his noble hand, Ubayy ibn Khalaf, at the battle of Uhud. On the latter expeditions he sent others to fight, himself remaining at Medina, and these were forty-seven in number.)

The Obligatory Character of Jihad

o9.1 Jihad is a communal obligation (def: c3.2). When enough people perform it to successfully accomplish it, it is no longer obligatory upon others (O: the evidence for which is the Prophet’s saying (Allah bless him and give him peace),

“He who provides the equipment for a soldier in jihad has himself performed jihad,”

and Allah Most High having said:

“Those of the believers who are unhurt but sit behind are not equal to those who fight in Allah’s path with their property and lives. Allah has preferred those who fight with their property and lives a whole degree above those who sit behind. And to each, Allah has promised great good” (Koran 4:95).If none of those concerned perform jihad, and it does not happen at all, then everyone who is aware that it is obligatory is guilty of sin, if there was a possibility of having performed it. In the time of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) jihad was a communal obligation after his emigration (hijra) to Medina. As for subsequent times, there are two possible states in respect to non-Muslims.The first is when they are in their own countries, in which case jihad (def: o9.8) is a communal obligation, and this is what our author is speaking of when he says, “Jihad is a communal obligation,” meaning upon the Muslims each year. The second state is when non-Muslims invade a Muslim country or near to one, in which case jihad is personally obligatory (def: c3.2) upon the inhabitants of that country, who must repel the non-Muslims with whatever they can).

o9.2 Jihad is personally obligatory upon all those present in the battle lines (A: and to flee is an enormity (dis: p11)) (O: provided one is able to fight. If unable, because of illness or the death of one’s mount when not able to fight on foot, or because one no longer has a weapon, then one may leave. One may also leave if the opposing non-Muslim army is more than twice the size of the Muslim force).

o9.3 Jihad is also (O: personally) obligatory for everyone (O: able to perform it, male or female, old or young) when the enemy has surrounded the Muslims (O: on every side, having entered our territory, even if the land consists of ruins, wilderness, or mountains, for non-Muslim forces entering Muslim lands is a weighty matter that cannot be ignored, but must be met with effort and struggle to repel them by every possible means. All of which is if conditions permit gathering (A: the above-mentioned) people, provisioning them, and readying them for war. If conditions do not permit this, as when the enemy has overrun the Muslims such that they are unable to provision or prepare themselves for war, then whoever is found by non-Muslim and knows he will be killed if captured is obliged to defend himself in whatever way possible. But if not certain that he will be killed, meaning that he might or might not be, as when he might merely be taken captive, and he knows he will be killed if he does not surrender, then he may either surrender or fight. A woman too has a choice between fighting or surrendering if she is certain that she will not be subjected to an indecent act if captured. If uncertain that she will be safe from such an act, she is obliged to fight, and surrender is not permissible).

Who is Obliged to Fight in Jihad

o9.4 Those called upon (O: to perform jihad when it is a communal obligation are every able bodied man who has reached puberty and is sane.

o9.5 The following may not fight in jihad:

(1) Someone in debt, unless his creditor gives him leave;

(2) or someone with at least one Muslim parent, until they give their permission;

unless the Muslims are surrounded by the enemy, in which case it is permissible for them to fight without permission.

o9.6 It is offensive to conduct a military expedition against hostile non-Muslims without the caliph’s permission (A: though if there is no caliph (def: o25), no permission is required).

o9.7 Muslims may not seek help from non-Muslims allies unless the Muslims are considerably outnumbered and the allies are of goodwill towards the Muslims.

The Objectives of Jihad

o9.8 The caliph (o25) makes war upon Jews, Christians, and Zoroastrians (N: provided he has first invited them to enter Islam in faith and practice, and if they will not, then invited them to enter the social order of Islam by paying the non-Muslim poll tax (jizya, def: o11.4)-which is the significance of their paying it, not the money itself-while remaining in their ancestral religions) (O: and the war continues)until they become Muslim or else pay the non-Muslim poll tax (O: in accordance with the word of Allah Most High,

“Fight those who do not believe in Allah and the Last Day and who forbid not what Allah and His messenger have forbidden-who do not practice the religion of truth, being of those who have been given the Book-until they pay the poll tax out of hand and are humbled” (Koran 9.29),the time and place for which is before the final descent of Jesus (upon whom be peace). After his final coming, nothing but Islam will be accepted from them, for taking the poll tax is only effective until Jesus’ descent (upon him and our Prophet be peace), which is the divinely revealed law of Muhammad. The coming of Jesus does not entail a separate divinely revealed law, for he will rule by the law of Muhammad. As for the Prophet’s saying (Allah bless him and give him peace),

“I am the last, there will be no prophet after me,”this does not contradict the final coming of Jesus (upon whom be peace), since he will not rule according to the Evangel, but as a follower of our Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace)).

o9.9 The caliph fights all other peoples until they become Muslim (O: because they are not a people with a Book, nor honored as such, and are not permitted to settle with paying the poll tax (jizya)) (n: though according to the Hanafi school, peoples of all other religions, even idol worshippers, are permitted to live under the protection of the Islamic state if they either become Muslim or agree to pay the poll tax, the sole exceptions to which are apostates from Islam and idol worshippers who are Arabs, neither of whom has any choice but becoming Muslim (al-Hidaya sharh Bidaya al-mubtadi’ (y21), 6.48-49)).



68 Comments
  1. 734371 355183Hey, you used to write superb, but the last couple of posts have been kinda boringK I miss your super writings. Past couple of posts are just a bit out of track! come on! 492344

  2. 113401 208658This design is spectacular! You obviously know how to keep a reader entertained. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Wonderful job. I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool! 124076

  3. 538425 219762Id need to speak to you here. Which isnt something Which i do! I enjoy to reading a post that need to get folks to feel. Also, thank you for permitting me to comment! 384637

  4. 788721 598501Thanks for the auspicious writeup. It really used to be a leisure account it. Glance complicated to much more delivered agreeable from you! Nevertheless, how can we be in contact? 993646

  5. 845337 881079Some actually good stuff on this internet web site , I enjoy it. 228714

  6. 248471 195659Need to tow line this caravan together with van trailer home your entire family quickly get exposed towards the issues along with reversing create tight placement. awnings 238026

  7. 394154 949483Thank you for sharing with us, I conceive this web site genuinely stands out : D. 636885

  8. 376399 642976Woh I enjoy your posts , bookmarked ! My wife and i take problem along together with your last point. 124883

  9. 816123 588787Enjoyed examining this, really excellent stuff, thanks . 26654

  10. 659727 224165Found this on MSN and Im happy I did. Well written article. 902027

  11. 388336 606761Hello, Neat post. Theres an concern together along with your internet site in internet explorer, may possibly check this? IE nonetheless could be the marketplace leader and a huge component to folks will omit your wonderful writing because of this dilemma. 916995

  12. 501640 165687Does your blog have a contact page? Im having a tough time locating it but, Id like to send you an e-mail. Ive got some suggestions for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, fantastic web site and I look forward to seeing it expand over time. 444292

  13. 459399 20283Utterly composed topic material , thanks for selective data . 439532

  14. Your means of telling everything in this paragraph is in fact fastidious, all be capable of simply
    be aware of it, Thanks a lot.

  15. 926416 69702when i was a kid, i adore to receive an assortment of birthday presents like teddy bears and mechanical toys, 699489

  16. Good post. I certainly love this website. Thanks!

  17. Valuable information. Lucky me I found your site by accident, and I’m shocked why this accident did not happened earlier! I bookmarked it.

  18. I like what you guys are up also. Such clever work and reporting! Keep up the superb works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it’ll improve the value of my site 🙂

  19. hi!,I love your writing very much! proportion we be in contact extra approximately your article
    on AOL? I require a specialist on this space to resolve my problem.

    May be that’s you! Taking a look ahead to peer you.

  20. I’m still learning from you, as I’m trying to achieve my goals. I absolutely enjoy reading all that is posted on your website.Keep the tips coming. I liked it!

  21. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

  22. I cling on to listening to the news broadcast lecture about getting free online grant applications so I have been looking around for the most excellent site to get one. Could you advise me please, where could i acquire some?

  23. 661316 905346Thanks for blogging and i enjoy the weblog posting so no public comments.,,,,,,,,,,, 352905

  24. 384766 574343Top rated lad speeches and toasts, as properly toasts. may possibly really properly be supplied taken into consideration creating at the party consequently required to be a bit a lot more cheeky, humorous with instructive on top of this. finest man speeches funny 911204

  25. 676604 20746Some truly quality blog posts on this web website , saved to my bookmarks . 115063

  26. 33282 430674the most common table lamp these days nonetheless use incandescent lamp but some of them use compact fluorescent lamps which are cool to touch.. 363107

  27. 426192 917121Fantastic post, I conceive web site owners ought to larn a great deal from this web site its extremely user friendly . 986217

  28. Hello there, I found your blog by means of Google at the same time as looking for a related matter, your site got here up, it looks good. I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

  29. Hello, I think your website could be having web browser compatibility
    problems. When I look at your blog in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in IE,
    it has some overlapping issues. I just wanted to give you a
    quick heads up! Apart from that, wonderful website!

  30. I am sure this post has touched all the internet visitors, its really really good piece of writing on building up new website.

  31. Flavia化粧品の限定セットを実際に使用した感想です。

  32. I really like your blog.. very nice colors & theme.
    Did you design this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you?
    Plz answer back as I’m looking to construct my own blog and would like to know where u got
    this from. thanks a lot

  33. It’s awesome designed for me to have a website, which is beneficial designed for my know-how.
    thanks admin

  34. I’m curious to find out what blog platform you happen to be
    utilizing? I’m experiencing some minor security issues with my latest blog and I’d like to find something
    more safeguarded. Do you have any suggestions?

  35. Heya i’m for the primary time here. I found this board and
    I find It truly useful & it helped me out much.
    I’m hoping to offer one thing back and help others like you aided me.

  36. What’s up, I log on to your blog daily. Your story-telling style is witty, keep it up!

  37. Excellent goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you are just extremely excellent. I really like what you’ve acquired here, certainly like what you are saying and the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it sensible. I can not wait to read far more from you. This is actually a terrific web site.

  38. The other day, while I was at work, my cousin stole
    my iphone and tested to see if it can survive a forty foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad
    is now destroyed and she has 83 views. I know this is entirely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  39. you’re in reality a good webmaster. The site loading speed is incredible.
    It seems that you are doing any distinctive trick. Moreover,
    The contents are masterwork. you have done a magnificent task on this topic!

  40. You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I
    find this matter to be actually something that I think I would never understand.

    It seems too complex and very broad for me. I am looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

  41. You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be
    really something that I think I would never understand.

    It seems too complex and very broad for me. I’m looking forward for
    your next post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!

  42. You’ve made some decent points there. I looked on the internet for more information about the issue and found most people will go along
    with your views on this web site.

  43. Great site you’ve got here.. It’s hard to find quality
    writing like yours nowadays. I seriously appreciate people like you!
    Take care!!

  44. Thank you for sharing your thoughts. I really appreciate your efforts
    and I am waiting for your further write ups thanks once again.

  45. It’s amazing in support of me to have a website, which
    is beneficial in favor of my knowledge. thanks admin

  46. Magnificent website. Lots of useful info here.
    I am sending it to several buddies ans also sharing in delicious.
    And certainly, thank you on your sweat!

  47. Heya i’m for the first time here. I found this board and I to find It
    truly helpful & it helped me out a lot. I am hoping to offer something back
    and aid others such as you aided me.

  48. I do not know whether it’s just me or if everybody else encountering issues with your blog.
    It appears as though some of the written text within your posts are running off the screen. Can somebody else please comment
    and let me know if this is happening to them too? This
    might be a issue with my internet browser because I’ve had this happen before.
    Thanks

  49. Hello, I check your new stuff like every week. Your writing style is awesome, keep it up!

  50. Greetings! Quick question that’s completely off topic.
    Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My web
    site looks weird when browsing from my iphone4.
    I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might be able to correct this problem.

    If you have any recommendations, please share. Cheers!

  51. Hi there to every body, it’s my first pay a quick
    visit of this web site; this weblog contains awesome and genuinely excellent material designed for visitors.

  52. I absolutely love your blog and find a lot of your post’s to
    be precisely what I’m looking for. can you offer guest writers to write content for you personally?
    I wouldn’t mind publishing a post or elaborating on some of the subjects you write in relation to here.
    Again, awesome web site!

  53. Just want to say your article is as amazing. The clarity in your post is just cool
    and i can assume you are an expert on this subject.
    Fine with your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to keep
    updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and
    please carry on the rewarding work.

  54. Heya i’m for the first time here. I found this board
    and I find It truly useful & it helped me out a lot.
    I hope to give something back and help others like you helped me.

  55. Wow, incredible weblog layout! How lengthy have you
    ever been running a blog for? you make blogging look easy.
    The entire look of your web site is magnificent, as neatly as the content!

  56. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d certainly donate to this outstanding blog!
    I guess for now i’ll settle for book-marking and adding your RSS feed
    to my Google account. I look forward to fresh updates and will talk about this website with my Facebook group.
    Talk soon!

  57. Remarkable issues here. I’m very happy to see your article.
    Thanks so much and I am looking forward to contact you. Will you please drop me a mail?

  58. Heya! I’m at work surfing around your blog from my new apple iphone!
    Just wanted to say I love reading through your blog
    and look forward to all your posts! Keep up the superb work!

  59. When someone writes an post he/she keeps the plan of a user in his/her brain that how a user can know it.
    So that’s why this article is great. Thanks!

  60. Excellent post. I was checking constantly this blog and I
    am impressed! Very useful information particularly the last part 🙂 I care for such information a
    lot. I was looking for this particular info for a long
    time. Thank you and best of luck.

  61. 195944 11066I like what you guys are up too. Such smart function and reporting! Carry on the superb works guys I?ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I feel it will improve the value of my internet internet site 916589

  62. Hi there friends, how is everything, and what you desire to say on the topic of this paragraph,
    in my view its truly remarkable in support of me.

  63. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article writer for your site.
    You have some really good articles and I believe
    I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of
    the load off, I’d really like to write some material for
    your blog in exchange for a link back to mine. Please blast me an email if interested.
    Thank you!

  64. Its like youu learn myy mind! Youu see too understnd soo mmuch pproximately this, ljke yyou wrtote the e-book in itt oor something.

    I believe that yyou could ddo wih a few %
    to powerr tthe mesage home a littlle bit, howeever instead
    of that, thatt iss wwonderful blog. A fantastic read.
    I’ll certainly be back. Eveyone lovds what yoou guhs are uup too.
    Thiis sot oof clever wor aand exposure! Keep uup thee awesomee woks guys I’ve dded yoou gyys too myy oown blogroll.

    It iis perdfect tie tto ake a feww plawns for the ffuture aand itt iis tme to bee happy.
    I hav learn thgis post and if I mayy I desire too recommend
    youu sme fascinbating things orr suggestions.
    Maybve you could writye subsequuent article regarsing this article.
    I want to rread eveen moee issuies about it! http://Cspan.Co.uk/

  65. With havin so much content do you ever run into any problems of plagorism or copyright infringement?
    My blog has a lot of completely unique content I’ve either created myself or
    outsourced but it appears a lot of it is popping it up all over the internet without my authorization. Do you know any solutions to help stop content from being ripped off?
    I’d certainly appreciate it.

  66. Es conforme, la frase admirable
    markeviusel

  67. obviously like your website however you have to check the
    spelling on several of your posts. Many of them are rife with spelling problems
    and I to find it very troublesome to inform the truth
    then again I’ll definitely come back again.

    Also visit my homepage; garcinia cambogia best price; Gerardo,

  68. That is a great tip especially to those fresh to the
    blogosphere. Short but very accurate info… Appreciate your sharing this one.
    A must read article!